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Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc.
Type
Public
Traded as NYSE: CLF
Industry Iron ore
Founded Cleveland, Ohio, United States (1846)
as Cleveland Iron Company
Founder Samuel Mather and associates
Headquarters 200 Public Square, Cleveland, USA
Key people
  • Lourenco Goncalves (Chairman, Pres. & CEO)
  • Terry Fedor (EVP, U.S. Iron Ore)
  • James Graham (VP, CLO & Sec.)
  • Maurice Harapiak (EVP, H.R.)
  • Terrence Mee (EVP, Global Comm.)
  • Clifford Smith (EVP, Business Development)
  • P. Kelly Tompkins (EVP & CFO)
Products iron ore
Revenue US$ 1.3 bil (FY 2014)
Total assets US$ 1.4 bil (FY 2014)
Website www.clevelandcliffs.com

Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc., formerly Cliffs Natural Resources, is a Cleveland, Ohio, business firm that specializes in the mining and beneficiation of iron ore. The firm is an independent company whose shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange. Cleveland-Cliffs' primary operations are organized and managed according to product category and geographic location: U.S. iron ore, Eastern Canadian iron ore, Asia Pacific iron ore, and North American coal.

The company announced on August 15, 2017, it was dropping the Cliffs Natural Resources name and returning to its old brand name, Cleveland-Cliffs Inc.

Cleveland-Cliffs manages and operates five iron ore mines located in Michigan and Minnesota. These mines produce various grades of iron ore pellets, including standard and fluxed, for use in blast furnaces as part of the steelmaking process. As the mines are located near the Great Lakes, the majority of the pellets are transported by rail to loading ports for shipments via vessel to steelmakers in North America.

The U.S.-based mines currently have an annual rated capacity of 32.9 million gross tons of iron ore pellet production, representing 56 percent of total U.S. pellet production capacity. Based on equity ownership in these mines, Cliffs’ share of the annual rated production capacity is currently 25.5 million gross tons, representing 44 percent of total U.S. annual pellet capacity.

During 2014, 2013, and 2012, Cleveland-Cliffs sold 21.8 million, 21.3 million and 21.6 million tons of iron ore pellets, respectively, from its share of the production from its U.S. Iron Ore mines.

Cleveland-Cliffs had operated two iron ore mines located in Eastern Canada. On February 11, 2014 it was announced that one of the mines, in Wabush, Labrador, would lay off 500 workers due to falling global demand. Subsequently, both mines were idled and closed in 2014 and early 2015 due to unsustainable high cost structures, representing a complete curtailment of the company’s Eastern Canadian iron ore operations. In December 2015, Champion Iron Ltd announced its intention to purchase Bloom Lake's Mine and rail assets.

The mines had produced concentrate and iron ore pellet products marketed towards Asian steelmakers with sintering capabilities at their operations. Located near the St. Lawrence River estuary, the products had been transported by railroads to loading ports for shipment via vessel to steelmakers in North America, or the international seaborne market.

During 2014, 2013, and 2012, Cleveland-Cliffs sold 7.2 million, 8.6 million and 8.9 million metric tons of iron ore pellets and concentrate, respectively, from its Eastern Canadian iron ore mines.

Cleveland-Cliffs’ Asia Pacific iron ore operations are located in Western Australia and consist solely of the wholly owned Koolyanobbing complex, a collective term for the operating deposits at Koolyanobbing, Windarling and Mount Jackson. Approximately 70 miles separate the three mining areas.

The Koolyanobbing operations serve the Asian iron ore markets with direct-shipped fines and lump ore, and have a production capacity of 11.0 million metric tons annually. The lump products are fed directly to blast furnaces, while the fines products are used as sinter feed. Ore is crushed and blended at a plant located at the Koolyanobbing operation, and then transported by rail for shipment from the port of Esperance.

During 2014, 2013, and 2012, Cleveland-Cliffs sold 11.4 million, 11.1 million and 10.7 million metric tons of iron ore, respectively, from its Western Australia mines.

Cleveland-Cliffs had operated two low-volatile metallurgical coal mines located in West Virginia and Alabama with a rated capacity of 6.5 million tons of production annually. Each coal mine is positioned near rail or barge lines for access to international shipping ports, which exports the product to global integrated steel and coke producers in North America, Europe, China, India and South America. In December 2015, Cleveland-Cliffs announced that it had sold its West Virginia and Alabama operations to Seneca Coal Resources, LLC, marking its exit from the coal business.

During 2014, 2013, and 2012, Cleveland-Cliffs sold 7.4 million, 7.3 million and 6.5 million tons of coal, respectively, from its North American Coal mines.

The firm's earliest predecessor was the Cleveland Iron Mining Company, founded in 1847 and chartered as a company by Michigan in 1850. Samuel Mather and six Ohio-based associates had learned of rich iron-ore deposits recently discovered in the highlands of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Soon afterwards, the first Soo Locks opened in 1855, allowing iron ore to be shipped from Lake Superior to Lake Erie.

Technological improvements, such as the Bessemer furnace, made it possible for the North American Great Lakes to produce steel on an industrial scale. The south shore of Lake Erie was close to a supply of coal, making that region an efficient point for the construction of steel mills.

The final decades of the 19th century were a period of business consolidation from the partnership-sized businesses of an earlier generation to a new type of business firm, the stock-market-traded corporation intent on maximizing market share. The former Cleveland Iron Mining Co. was a survivor of this shakeout, purchasing many of its competitors. One key merger in 1890, with Jeptha Wade's Cliffs Iron Company led the combined firm to change its name to the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company.

The consolidated Cleveland-Cliffs invested substantial sums in operations to improve the logistics of iron-ore transport. In 1892, the firm built the Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad to carry iron ore from the mines directly to company-owned docks on Lake Superior.

William G. Mather, the son of Samuel, guided Cleveland-Cliffs as president and later as chairman of the board during the period of 1890–1947, participating in the transition from the hard-rock iron ore of Upper Michigan to the soft hematite of Minnesota's Mesabi Range and adjacent lodes.

Under Mather, Cleveland-Cliffs was a leader in the development of the classic-type lake freighter, a bulk-cargo vessel especially designed to carry Great Lakes commodities. The 618-foot-long (188 m) William G. Mather, launched in 1925, is a surviving example of this ship type. For almost a century, the black-hulled Cleveland-Cliffs ships were familiar sights on the upper lakes.

Demand for American iron ore hit peaks during World War I, World War II, and the post-WWII consumer boom. In 1933, Edward Greene (the son-in-law of Jeptha Homer Wade II) replaced William G. Mather as the head of the company. The Mather A Mine opened in the early 1940s and the Mather B shaft in the 1950s. As the Cold War continued, reserves of mineable hematite dwindled in northern Minnesota and Cleveland-Cliffs returned some of its focus to its traditional areas of interest around Marquette, Michigan, where new deposits of magnetite were opened. The first pellet plant was built at Eagle Mills in 1954, followed by the first grate/kiln plant at the Humboldt Mine in 1960. The Republic Mine was converted from a shaft mine to an open pit and concentrator in 1956 and a two-kiln pellet plant was added in 1962. The Empire Mine opened in 1963 and was expanded in the mid- and late-1970s; the Pioneer Pellet Plant was opened in 1965 to pelletize the underground ore from the Mather B Mine in Negaunee. In 1974 the Tilden Mine opened in Ishpeming. This mine was and is the only mine in the world with the ability to produce both hematite and magnetite pellets.

In 1970, a high-grade iron-ore mine was opened at Pannawonica in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, with a 200-kilometre (120 mi) rail line to processing facilities at Cape Lambert for which the residential township of Wickham was built. A pellet plant was built but ceased operation before 1980, following a sharp increase in the cost of diesel fuel.

During the 1970s, Cleveland-Cliffs had sizeable interests in uranium and shale oil fields, as well as the oil and gas drilling industries. It also had holdings in the forest products industry. This interests were disposed of in the 1980s when the company refocused its efforts on its core iron ore business.

The periods following the recessions of 1974–75 and 1981–83 were harsh ones for the iron ore industry. Cleveland-Cliffs shrank its operations, closing the Mather B Mine and the Pioneer Pellet Plant and associated Ore Improvement Plant in 1979. The Humboldt Pellet Plant closed in 1981 and the Republic Mine was idled in 1981 and closed for good in 1996, when Cliffs began turning the associated tailings ponds into compensatory wetlands for its other properties. Over half of the Marquette Iron Range employees were laid off and, in 1984, Cliffs withdrew from the Great Lakes shipping industry.

In 2002, LTV Steel, a partner in the Empire Mine managed by CCI, closed and the Empire was idled for six months. Cleveland-Cliffs stock plummeted. President George W. Bush enacted steel tariffs that helped domestically produced steel rebound.

In 2003 Cleveland-Cliffs, in a joint venture with Laiwu Steel Group of China, purchased the assets of bankrupt Eveleth Mines LLC and formed United Taconite.

In the years following the introduction of steel tariffs, a sharp increase in steel production in China and other developing countries led to a significant upswing in the price of global iron ore. This trend benefited Cleveland-Cliffs after the two lean decades that had preceded it. To remain competitive, Cleveland-Cliffs decided to expand globally and to diversify into other minerals, leading to the acquisition of iron-ore properties in Brazil and Australia and coal properties in Australia and the US.

In June 2007, Cleveland-Cliffs purchased its first domestic coal property. The coal company, called PinnOak, mines coal in Alabama and West Virginia and once belonged to U.S. Steel. In line with its venture into coal, the company changed its name from Cleveland-Cliffs to Cliffs Natural Resources in October 2008.

On January 11, 2011 it was reported that Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines Limited agreed to a US$4.9 billion takeover by Cliffs Natural Resources ($200 million of that was already owned, the cost includes debt (In September 2011 Thompson reported $230.56 million in long term with $566.07 million in total liabilities). The deal saved both companies a combined US$75 million in operating expense (partly due to many of their facilities being adjacent to one another). The deal gives Cliffs the large Bloom Lake iron ore mine in the province of Quebec, very close to Labrador.

On May 5, 2011, Cliffs Natural Resources was added to the Fortune 500 list of companies. Its ranking of 477 was based on the company's performance in 2010.

The firm’s CEO Joseph Carrabba announced in July 2013 that he would retire by December 31 of that year. Lead director James Kirsch was elected nonexecutive chairperson in his stead. Gary Halverson, formerly interim chief operating officer of Barrick Gold Corporation Inc., was appointed president and chief operating officer in October 2013, and president and chief executive officer in February 2014.

2014 marked a significant shift in Cliffs’ executive leadership and business strategy. Shareholders elected six new directors during its 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, who appointed former Metals USA executive Lourenco Goncalves as Chairman, President & CEO of Cliffs. The reconstituted Board moved to shift the company’s strategic objectives from global diversification to a renewed focus on strengthening its U.S. iron ore business.

Cliffs announced plans in early 2016 to close one of its five U.S. iron ore mines, the Empire Mine near Marquette, Michigan. The closure, which will terminate the jobs of approximately 400 workers, was expected to take place before the end of the year.

The company announced on August 15, 2017, it was dropping the Cliffs Natural Resources name and returning to its old brand name, Cleveland-Cliffs Inc.

Cleveland-Cliffs has deposited many of its pre-1981 papers in the Historical Collections of the Great Lakes at Bowling Green State University. They have also deposited material at Central Upper Peninsula Archives at Northern Michigan University.

News

Q reports

Period Date Adjusted Actuals EPS GAAP EPS
Q4 2020 2021-02-18 Future report Set alerts
Q3 2020 2020-10-21 Future report Set alerts
Q2 2020 2020-07-30 -0.28 -0.31
Q1 2020 2020-05-11 -0.19 -0.18
Q4 2019 2020-02-20 0.25 0.23
Q3 2019 2019-10-23 0.33 0.33
Q2 2019 2019-07-19 0.57 0.57
Q1 2019 2019-04-25 -0.08 -0.08
Q4 2018 2019-02-08 1.98 2.03
Q3 2018 2018-10-19 1.41 0.64

Ratings

2016-06-10 Upgrade Macquarie Neutral to Outperform $4.00 to $7.50
2016-05-31 Upgrade JPMorgan Chase & Co. Neutral to Overweight $3.07 to $7.00
2016-05-23 Reiterated Rating Axiom Securities Sell
2016-05-05 Boost Price Target FBR & Co. Mkt Perform $3.00 to $4.00
2016-05-05 Boost Price Target FBR & Co Mkt Perform $3.00 to $4.00
2016-04-30 Reiterated Rating Cowen and Company Hold
2016-04-29 Boost Price Target Cowen and Company Market Perform $3.00 to $6.00
2016-04-29 Reiterated Rating FBR & Co. Market Perform $3.00 to $4.00
2016-04-09 Reiterated Rating Macquarie Hold
2016-03-28 Lower Price Target Morgan Stanley Underweight $14.00 to $12.00
2016-03-18 Reiterated Rating Nomura Reduce $1.50
2016-03-18 Reiterated Rating Nomura Holdings Inc. Reduce $1.50
2016-03-17 Reiterated Rating Bank of America Underperform
2016-03-17 Reiterated Rating Bank of America Corp. Underperform
2016-03-10 Initiated Coverage Credit Suisse Underperform $1.00
2016-03-10 Initiated Coverage Credit Suisse Group AG Underperform $1.00
2016-02-05 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank Sell $1.50 to $1.00
2016-02-05 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank AG Sell $1.50 to $1.00
2016-01-24 Reiterated Rating Morgan Stanley Underweight $2.00
2016-01-08 Downgrade Macquarie Outperform to Neutral $6.00 to $1.60
2016-01-04 Reiterated Rating FBR & Co. Hold
2015-12-30 Reiterated Rating Deutsche Bank Sell
2015-12-29 Reiterated Rating FBR & Co. Hold
2015-12-24 Reiterated Rating Deutsche Bank Sell $1.50
2015-12-23 Reiterated Rating FBR & Co. Hold $3.00 to $1.00
2015-12-17 Downgrade Deutsche Bank Hold to Sell $3.00 to $1.50
2015-11-02 Lower Price Target FBR & Co. Hold $3.50 to $3.00
2015-10-28 Reiterated Rating Axiom Securities Sell $2.00
2015-10-05 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank Hold $4.60 to $3.00
2015-09-24 Reiterated Rating Macquarie Buy $6.00
2015-09-18 Initiated Coverage FBR & Co. Market Perform $3.50
2015-09-17 Reiterated Rating Axiom Securities Sell
2015-08-24 Initiated Coverage Wolfe Research Sell
2015-08-21 Initiated Coverage Axiom Securities Sell $2.00
2015-08-03 Lower Price Target RBC Capital Sector Perform $6.00 to $3.50
2015-08-03 Lower Price Target Royal Bank Of Canada Sector Perform $6.00 to $3.50
2015-07-24 Reiterated Rating RBC Capital Sector Perform $6.00
2015-07-02 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank Hold $5.50 to $5.00
2015-05-06 Reiterated Rating Wolfe Research Underperform
2015-04-30 Boost Price Target Citigroup Inc. Sell $2.50
2015-04-29 Set Price Target RBC Capital Hold $6.00 to $7.00
2015-04-23 Lower Price Target RBC Capital Sector Perform $7.50 to $6.00
2015-04-10 Lower Price Target Morgan Stanley Underweight $3.00
2015-04-09 Downgrade BMO Capital Markets Market Perform to Underperform $8.00 to $4.00
2015-04-06 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank Hold $7.00 to $5.00
2015-04-02 Initiated Coverage Wolfe Research Underperform
2015-03-20 Reiterated Rating Wells Fargo & Co. Underperform
2015-03-20 Reiterated Rating Wells Fargo Underperform
2015-03-09 Downgrade Axiom Securities Neutral to Sell $9.00 to $2.00
2015-02-06 Reiterated Rating Deutsche Bank Hold $8.00 to $7.00
2015-02-04 Set Price Target Citigroup Inc. Sell $4.50
2015-02-04 Reiterated Rating BMO Capital Markets Hold
2015-02-04 Set Price Target Nomura Sell $5.00
2015-02-03 Reiterated Rating Morgan Stanley Sell
2015-02-03 Lower Price Target Brean Capital Sell $6.00 to $5.50
2015-01-29 Reiterated Rating RBC Capital Hold $9.00 to $8.00
2015-01-26 Reiterated Rating Wells Fargo & Co. Sell
2015-01-26 Reiterated Rating Wells Fargo Sell
2015-01-12 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank Hold $10.00 to $8.00
2015-01-12 Lower Price Target JPMorgan Chase & Co. Neutral $10.00 to $8.00
2014-12-17 Lower Price Target Credit Suisse Underperform $10.00 to $1.00
2014-12-03 Boost Price Target Brean Capital Positive to Sell $4.00 to $5.00
2014-11-20 Downgrade Deutsche Bank Buy to Hold $17.00 to $10.00
2014-11-19 Lower Price Target Brean Capital Sell $8.00 to $4.00
2014-11-19 Reiterated Rating FBR & Co. Reduce
2014-10-29 Downgrade Brean Capital Hold to Sell $11.29 to $8.00
2014-10-29 Upgrade Macquarie Neutral to Outperform $18.00
2014-10-29 Reiterated Rating JPMorgan Chase & Co. Hold $5.00 to $10.00
2014-10-20 Downgrade Citigroup Inc. Neutral to Sell $16.00 to $5.00
2014-10-17 Reiterated Rating FBR & Co. Market Perform $20.00 to $10.00
2014-10-15 Upgrade Axiom Securities Sell to Hold $10.00 to $9.00
2014-10-15 Reiterated Rating Bank of America Underperform $8.00 to $4.00
2014-10-13 Downgrade JPMorgan Chase & Co. Overweight to Neutral $18.00 to $5.00
2014-10-07 Lower Price Target Goldman Sachs Neutral $8.00
2014-10-07 Lower Price Target Goldman Sachs Group Inc. Neutral $8.00
2014-10-03 Downgrade Wells Fargo & Co. Buy to Reduce
2014-10-03 Downgrade Nomura Buy to Reduce $18.00 to $5.00
2014-10-03 Downgrade Wells Fargo Buy to Reduce
2014-10-02 Lower Price Target Deutsche Bank Buy $19.00 to $17.00
2014-07-31 Upgrade Sanford C. Bernstein Underperform to Market Perform $13.00 to $16.00
2014-07-30 Downgrade Clarkson Capital Market Perform to Underperform $13.00
2014-07-28 Lower Price Target Cowen and Company $16.00 to $15.00
2014-07-28 Upgrade Macquarie Underperform to Neutral $10.00 to $17.00
2014-07-25 Reiterated Rating Nomura Buy $23.00 to $18.00
2014-07-21 Reiterated Rating JPMorgan Chase & Co. Overweight $26.00 to $19.00
2014-07-14 Reiterated Rating Citigroup Inc. Neutral $19.00 to $16.00
2014-07-03 Reiterated FBR Capital Mkt Perform $25 to $20
2014-07-03 Lower Price Target FBR & Co. Market Perform $25.00 to $20.00
2014-06-13 Reiterated Rating Deutsche Bank Buy $26.00 to $19.00
2014-05-16 Downgrade Macquarie Neutral to Underperform $18.00 to $10.00
2014-04-28 Reiterated Rating Citigroup Inc. Hold $19.00
2014-04-28 Reiterated Rating Nomura Buy $26.00 to $23.00
2014-04-23 Reiterated Rating Cowen and Company Market Perform $23.00 to $16.00
2014-04-16 Reiterated Rating JPMorgan Chase & Co. Overweight $26.00
2014-03-20 Lower Price Target Bank of America $20.00 to $16.00
2014-03-10 Initiated Coverage Axiom Securities Positive to Sell $10.00
2014-03-04 Downgrade Wells Fargo & Co. Market Perform to Underperform
2014-03-04 Downgrade Wells Fargo Market Perform to Underperform
2014-03-03 Lower Price Target Citigroup Inc. $26.00 to $22.00
2014-02-19 Reiterated Cowen Market Perform $28 to $23
2014-02-19 Lower Price Target Cowen and Company Market Perform $28.00 to $23.00
2014-02-18 Upgrade Ned Davis Research Sell to Neutral
2014-02-18 Reiterated Rating Citigroup Inc. Positive to Neutral $27.00 to $26.00
2014-02-13 Boost Price Target Brean Capital $20.00
2014-01-23 Reiterated Rating Morgan Stanley Underweight $12.00 to $14.00
2014-01-14 Upgrade Deutsche Bank Hold to Buy $22.00 to $27.00
2014-01-13 Initiated Coverage Brean Capital Hold $22.00
2013-12-18 Initiated Coverage Clarkson Capital Market Perform
2013-12-12 Initiated Coverage Sanford C. Bernstein Market Perform $25.00
2013-11-18 Reiterated Rating Citigroup Inc. Neutral $24.00 to $27.00
2013-11-03 Reiterated Rating RBC Capital Hold $25.00
2013-10-28 Lower Price Target FBR & Co. Market Perform $26.00 to $25.00
2013-10-28 Boost Price Target Cowen and Company Market Perform $20.00 to $24.00
2013-10-22 Boost Price Target RBC Capital Sector Perform $23.00 to $25.00
2013-10-17 Upgrade Cowen Underperform to Market Perform $11 to $20
2013-10-17 Reiterated Rating Citigroup Inc. Neutral $20.00 to $24.00
2013-10-17 Upgrade Cowen and Company Underperform to Market Perform $11.00 to $20.00
2013-10-16 Initiated Coverage Wells Fargo & Co. Market Perform to Market Perform
2013-10-16 Initiated Coverage Wells Fargo Market Perform to Market Perform
2013-09-12 Downgrade FBR Capital Outperform to Mkt Perform
2013-07-29 Reiterated FBR Capital Outperform
2013-05-06 Upgrade FBR Capital Mkt Perform to Outperform $28
2013-04-22 Reiterated FBR Capital Mkt Perform $33 to $28
2013-04-11 Reiterated Deutsche Bank Hold $38 to $25
2013-03-05 Downgrade BMO Capital Markets Outperform to Market Perform $50 to $27
2013-01-15 Downgrade Dahlman Rose Hold to Sell $20
2012-12-05 Downgrade RBC Capital Mkts Outperform to Sector Perform $45 to $32
2016-06-10 Upgrade Macquarie Neutral to Outperform $4.00 to $7.50
2016-05-31 Upgrade JPMorgan Chase & Co. Neutral to Overweight $3.07 to $7.00
2016-05-23 Reiterated Rating Axiom Securities Sell
2016-05-05 Boost Price Target FBR & Co. Mkt Perform $3.00 to $4.00
2016-05-05 Boost Price Target FBR & Co Mkt Perform $3.00 to $4.00

There is presents forecasts of rating agencies and recommendations for investors about this ticker

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